BODOLAND: THE SAGA OF FALSE, FAILED AND DUBIOUS LEGACY?
RS 1,000 CR PROMISE ENDS AT RS 50 CR TO BTC IN UNION BUDGET. ALL ABOUT RS 1,000 CR FUND: BPF UNHAPPY TAKES UP ISSUES WITH BJP.
Tribal politics of Assam:1933-1947.
Tribal politics of Assam:1947-67
Tribal politics of Assam:1967-Udayachal movement
Tribal-Bodos politics in the Assam:1967 Bodoland movement
Bodos politics in the Assam:1993-2003 BTC
The Tribal League which was formed in1933 under the leadership of Rupnath Brahma and Rabi Chandra Kachari. In 1937, the Muslim League moved a resolution for the abolition of the Line system. Members of the Tribal League, Rabi Chandra Kachari, and Rupnath Brahma opposed the resolution and it was eventually withdrawn. The Tribal League had to fight with the Muslim League under the leadership of Maulavi Saiyid Muhammad Saadulla in Assam Legislative Assembly – MLA 1937-46. Then Tribal League had joined hands with Indian national congress under the leadership of Gopinath Bodoloi after independence.
PTCA: Plain Tribals Council of Assam
The Plain Tribals Council of Assam is a political party in the Indian state of Assam. In 1966, the PTCA launched a militant agitation for a separate tribal state called ‘Udayachal’ under the leadership of Samar Brahma Chowdhury and Charan Narzary, President and General Secretary of PTCA respectively. in 1968 PTCA boycotted the state Assembly Election on demand of re delimitation of the Tribal Reserved constituencies.
The Plains Tribals’ Council of Assam was formed to articulate the demands of the tribal people living in the “tribal belts and blocks” in the Luit valley. This memorandum was addressed to the then President of India, Dr. Zakir Hussain on May 20, 1967. Mr. Biruchan Doley, Mr. Samar Brahma Choudhury, Mr. Charan Narzary, Mr. Praful Bhabara and Mr. Ajit Basumatary were office bearers of the organization and signed the said memorandum in Kokrajhar town in Assam.
“Autonomy or Death”:The beginning of fratricidal killing
In the 1980s, Boro agitators painted the words, “Autonomy or death” on their bodies. This dramatic position itself has been the product of years of systematic mobilisation of political resources of the community that sees its position of marginalisation as a failure of institutions of representation and participation. In 2001, the government of Assam signed a cease-fire agreement with one of the factions of the armed opposition political groups, the Boro Liberation Tiger Force (BLTF). Subsequently, the cease-fire agreement culminated in the signing of the Memorandum of Settlement of the Boro Territorial Council in 2003. The “treaty” was meant to have been a centrepiece in the conflict resolution techniques available to the State apparatus in India. However, instead of leading to the reduction of violent conflict, it has only added to the volatile ethnic polarisation in the region.
If we see and analyze the long history of Bodos we see lots of ups and down faction of Bodos.
The Bodo predicament is complex and multidimensional. Initially it was a cry for identity, which was endangered by the myopic outlook of the then chauvinistic groups ruling BTC. Then the question of ascertaining political rights and constitutional safeguards came up. The creation of a separate state of Bodoland is the common goal of all Bodo organizations today. As time passed and as it happens with most armed revolutions, Bodo nationalism was losing its good spirit. There was ideological divide which led to formation of two armed insurgent faction namely Bodoland Liberation Tiger (BLT) & National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB).
The so called great leaders of the community who came into power after a bloody agitation have been doing nothing for the commoner. The progress and development is only visible when one looks into the brand new SUV or the car showrooms owned by these leaders or their relatives. They are doing nothing for the development of Culture, Education, and economic development for the common people. They are found to be treacherous who are playing dirty game of politics with common people lives. The Bodo population is still far away from the basic amenities. Every now and then they make into news for malpractices, witch-hunting etc. Although infrastructural development has happened in Bodoland as with other part of Assam, many aspirations of common Bodos still remain unfulfilled. The commoners are not getting any benefit and if the situation prevails there would be another movement soon by common people to seek freedom from Dirty game of politics.